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Using Particles: Mo も and To と - Also / And

も and と
 
So today we are looking at 2 particles.
 
The first is と
 
This Japanese particle lets you express “and” or “with”.
For example: りんご と バナナ = apple and banana
 
you use it just like how we use and in English, in between the words.
 
私はりんごとバナナが好きです。
Watashi wa ringo to banana ga suki desu
I like apples and bananas
 
The Japanese particle
can also be used to say “with” or “together with”.
 
私はお母さんと行く
Watashi wa Okaasan to iku
I go with my mother
 
In this case the
goes after the person you’re doing something together with.
 
Now onto Mo
 
is like the English words “too” or “also.”
 
私も
(Watashi mo!) means Me too! So again the Mo particle comes after what you
want to express – Watashi mo - Me Also
 
In this example, you are talking with your friend about your favourite animals.
 
Your friend says:
私は猫が好きです。
Watashi wa neko ga suki desu
I like cats.
 
You like cats too, so you say:
私も猫が好きです。
Watashi mo Neko ga suki desu
I like cats too.
 
 
When using mo it will replace other particles that would normally be there for
examples
Watashi wa Okaasan ga suki desu = I like my mother
Watashi wa Okaasan mo suki desu = I like my mother also
You wouldn’t say: watashi wa okaasan mo ga suki desu,
 
 
Let’s move onto the sentences to really enforce what we’ve learnt.
 
私は肉と野菜が好きだ。
Watashi wa niku to yasai ga suki desu
I like meat and vegetables
 
あなたもアメリカ人ですか。
Anata mo Amerikajin desu ka?
Are you American too?
 
私は肉も好きです。
Watashi wa niku mo suki desu.
I like meat also
 
コーヒーがすきです。お茶もすきです。
Kōhī ga suki desu. Ocha mo suki desu.
I like coffee. I also like tea.
 
私はあやさんとマイクさんがすきです。
Watashi wa Aya san to Maiku san ga suki desu
I like Aya and mike
 
リサさんも好きです。
Risa san mo suki desu
I also like Risa
 
明日、仲間と行く
Ashita, nakama to iku
I’ll go with my close friend tomorrow
 
 
Great job today everyone as be sure to practice your Mo’s and To’s as it will be a
great foundation for your Japanese as you improve in the future.